US says more military transparency needed in South China Sea

The response from Beijing and others to an arbitration panel's ruling invalidating China's vast South China Sea maritime claims has brought no surprises, but much more military transparency is needed to reduce tensions in the region, the commander of the US Pacific Fleet said.

Adm. Scott Swift also criticised China-Russia joint naval exercises planned next month in the South China Sea, saying the choice of location was not conducive to "increasing the stability within the region."

He also said any decision by China to declare an air defense identification zone over the strategic water body would be "very destabilizing from a military perspective."

Swift was visiting the northern Chinese port of Qingdao as part of efforts to build trust and understanding between the two navies, now locked in a protracted competition for primacy in East Asia, where the US has traditionally been the dominant military power.

Attention has been fixed on the South China Sea since the July 12 ruling by The Hague-based Permanent Court of Arbitration in a case brought by the Philippines.

China refused to participate in the case or recognize the ruling, and strongly criticised the US for encouraging its ally to pursue the matter.

Since then, Beijing has launched air patrols over the South China Sea, said it would consider declaring an air defense zone and vowed to continue work on man-made islands created from piling sand atop coral reefs in the highly contested Spratly group.

New satellite photos show work proceeding on what seem to be two-dozen hardened concrete airplane hangars on the islands suitable for housing Chinese air force planes, including strategic bombers and inflight refuelers.

The photos were collected and studied by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington-based think tank, and reported in The New York Times.

They show construction work on man-made islands at Fiery Cross, Subi and Mischief reefs. China has said the new islands are primarily to assist fishermen and other causes, as well as to reinforce its sovereignty claims.

China also says that the islands should be able to defend themselves, and that it is entitled to build whatever structures it wishes on them.

Meanwhile, Japan protested today over a marked increase in the number of Chinese coast guard and fishing vessels in waters near disputed islands in the East China Sea.

Source: Business Standards

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