En Drôme-Ardèche, la ministre de la Culture a rencontré des intermittents

Alpes : l’hiver fait de la résistance

Surprise hier matin pour certains habitants du massif alpin : l’hiver fait de la résistance et dès 1 100 mètres d’altitude, on pouvait trouver dans certains endroits une dizaine de centimètres de neige fraîche, comme à Cordon (Haute-Savoie), sur cette photo. Photo Le Dauphiné Libéré

Hier, la ministre de la Culture, Audrey Azoulay, a rencontré des intermittents du spectacle lors de son déplacement en Drôme-Ardèche, alors qu’un accord doit être conclu d’ici jeudi sur leur régime d’assurance-chômage. « Précarisés dans nos existences, asphyxiés dans l’exercice de nos métiers, nous ne voulons plus vivre pour survivre », a écrit, dans une lettre ouverte, la Coordination Drôme-Ardèche des précaires et intermittents. La ministre a répondu qu’il fallait « laisser les partenaires sociaux travailler ».

Impôt sur le revenu : pas plus de 300 euros en cash

Il est dès maintenant impossible de payer son impôt sur le revenu en cash, s’il excède 300 €. Ce plafond était de 3000 € jusqu’en 2013. Quant à la limite de 10 000 €, indiquée par erreur dans notre dossier d’hier, elle est en fait le plancher à partir duquel il est obligatoire de payer l’IR en ligne, plancher qui sera abaissé à 300 € en 2019.

La mort de Momo de la radio Skyrock

Mohamed Sayah, alias « Momo », un des animateurs de la radio libre de Skyrock, est mort à 31 ans. « Momo » y parlait football, avec beaucoup de passion – notamment pour le PSG. Depuis 2008, il souffrait d’une tumeur au cervelet.

Darty : Fnac grimpe dans le capital

La Fnac a indiqué hier qu’elle détenait maintenant 17,70 % du capital de Darty, et qu’elle relèverait une troisième fois son offre, à 170 pence par action, devançant ainsi son rival Conforama dans l’acquisition de l’enseigne d’électroménager. Les deux distributeurs se sont déjà livrés une féroce bataille de surenchère jeudi

Carambolage sur l’A13 (Yvelines ) : au moins deux blessés graves

Deux personnes ont été gravement blessées et une troisième légèrement atteinte dans un très important carambolage impliquant deux poids-lourds et six autres véhicules survenu hier vers 13 h sur l’autoroute A13, dans les Yvelines en direction de Paris. Les deux blessés graves ont été héliportés « en urgence absolue » par la Sécurité civile: il s’agit du conducteur du poids-lourd en cause et de celui du premier véhicule percuté.

Mediator : fin de l’enquête judiciaire

Les juges du pôle santé publique de Paris ont achevé leurs investigations dans le volet principal de l’affaire du Mediator après plus de cinq ans de bataille judiciaire. Consommé par cinq millions de personnes en France, cet antidiabétique des laboratoires Servier est à l’origine de graves lésions des valves cardiaques.

Catastrophe de Brétigny : les victimes bientôt reçues par les juges

Les victimes de la catastrophe ferroviaire de Brétigny-sur-Orge (Essonne) – qui avait fait sept morts et des dizaines de blessés le 12 juillet 2013 – seront reçues le 9 mai par les trois juges d’instruction chargés du dossier, une première après quasiment trois années d’enquête.

Bangladesh : deux militants gays assassinés

Deux militants bangladais des droits des gays ont été tués hier à coup de machette, après une série d’attaques contre des militants et professeurs laïques. L’une des victimes est l’éditeur de Roopbaan, le seul magazine de la communauté gay et transgenre du Bangladesh, et travaillait à l’ambassade américaine de Dacca.

Espagne : nouvelles législatives en vue

Le roi d’Espagne pourrait annoncer aujourd’hui ou demain la convocation de nouvelles élections législatives dans le pays dans l’impasse politique. Felipe VI doit poursuivre aujourd’hui ses consultations avec les chefs de parti entamées hier mais pour le moment, les quatre formations de droite, du centre, de la gauche et de l’extrême gauche (Podemos) n’ont pas trouvé d’accord.

Philippines : un otage canadien décapité par les islamistes

Le Canadien John Ridsdel, enlevé en septembre aux Philippines, a été exécuté par ses ravisseurs, le groupe islamiste Abu Sayyaf, a annoncé le Premier ministre Justin Trudeau en se déclarant « outré ». Les preneurs d’otages avaient exigé en novembre dernier plusieurs millions de dollars en échange de sa libération et de celle de deux autres otages.

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Negros leaders laud bets; Mar, Leni coming Tuesday

NEGRENSE leaders lauded their respective presidential candidates in the final debate before the May 9 elections aired live over ABS-CBN on Sunday, April 24, from the Phinma University of Pangasinan, Dagupan City.

Vice President Jejomar Binay, Senators Grace Poe and Miriam Santiago, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte, and former Interior Secretary Manuel Roxas II are seeking the highest position in the country.

Topics discussed in the town hall presidential debate included aggression of China on the West Philippine Sea, traffic, labor contractualization, jobs for Overseas Filipino Workers, public health service in remote communities, and peace in Mindanao.

For Negros Occidental Governor Alfredo Marañon Jr., a staunch supporter of the Aquino administration, Roxas was “no doubt the clear winner and the most presidential,” citing the latter’s “excellent performance” in the debate.

“I cannot overemphasize the fact that Mar is the most decent when confronted with issues, very grounded with his answers, and provided substance when pointing out the successes of the current administration. And while saying that the country is now better placed under the ‘Daang Matuwid,’ he was also honest enough to admit that more needs to be done,” the governor added.

Marañon said the of the platform of governance Liberal Party standard bearer clearly indicated his readiness and capabilities to take lead as commander-in-chief and be able to sustain the Philippines’ standing as the “Bright Spot of Asia.”

The governor said that Roxas was also “impressive on how he handled the offensive questioning of Duterte.”

He added that the best of Roxas, including his character and good upbringing, were drawn out with the way he answered Santiago during the one-on-one segment.

Former governor Rafael Coscolluela agreed that Roxas bested the other candidates.

“Hands down winner is Mar. He came out the most knowledgeable, the most reassuring with his clarity of purpose and vision, the most inspiring, the most presidential,” he added.

He also said that Poe came out second followed by Duterte and Binay, adding that Santiago was not her old self and maybe under medication, so it was not fair to judge her.

Coscolluela, however, pointed out one issue that was not quite captured during the debate was health services, which is under local government units.

“Curative health care in hospitals falls under provinces and preventive health care is under cities, towns, and barangays. This is because of devolution, and there are questions about whether these services should be reintegrated and placed back in the hands of Department of Health,” he added.

Fourth District Representative Jeffrey Ferrer, also an ally of Roxas, said that the administration standard bearer has comprehensive plans on the economic and political situation of the country.

“He came well-prepared to discuss all issues under the sun. His explanation is based on actual facts and data. He is the president the country is waiting for,” he added.

Yves Akol, secretary-general of Duterte’s Partido Demokratiko Pilipino Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban)-Negros Island Region, said that he would not say who he thought won the debate as he may be suspected of being biased.

“I can only say that my candidate, the people’s candidate, has always been consistent and has always been talking from his heart. The other candidates sound like they are copying what he promised from the very start,” he said.

Akol pointed out that Duterte never changed or deviated from his stances since the beginning of his campaign, and has always been consistent.

Bacolod City Mayor Monico Puentevella thinks “nobody won” in the debate, adding that “nothing spectacular happened.”

“By now, the people have already made up their minds, even before the debate. The debate was merely a closing to this divisive election,” said Puentevella, who had earlier declared his support for Roxas.

The Bacolod mayor wished all the presidential candidates good luck as he said that their fate is now in the hands of the Filipino people.

Roxas, Robredo visit

Supporters of Roxas and Robredo assembled at the Capitol grounds in Bacolod City on Sunday, April 24 – two days before the administration tandem is scheduled to visit the province – and viewed the presidential debate together at the nearby Negros Occidental Multi-Purpose Activity Center.

The group, who call themselves “The Silent Majority,” wore yellow shirts as they showed force for the administration tandem.

On Tuesday April 26, Roxas and Robredo are scheduled to hold sorties in the cities of Kabankalan and La Carlota in the south, Cadiz in the north, and finally a grand rally in Bacolod.

Liberal Party provincial chairman Manuel Escalante said the group would make these sorties more successful than the last one where about 18,000 people joined the LP rallies in three cities in February.

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Scientists in Singapore identify potential way to tackle Zika virus spread

Test tubes with blood samples from patients who have been tested for Zika are seen at the maternity ward of the Hospital Escuela in Tegucigalpa, Honduras April 15, 2016. — Reuters picTest tubes with blood samples from patients who have been tested for Zika are seen at the maternity ward of the Hospital Escuela in Tegucigalpa, Honduras April 15, 2016. — Reuters picSINGAPORE, April 20 — Scientists in Singapore have successfully reconstructed a high-resolution structure of the Zika virus, opening up possibilities on how to treat the virus with potent antibodies or drugs.

They found that the overall Zika virus architecture was similar to other flaviviruses like dengue, but more thermally and structurally stable due to tighter interactions between the Zika virus surface proteins, which help the virus attach to a host cell. 

This could explain why the virus was resilient enough that it could be transmitted via sexual contact, scientists at Duke-NUS Medical School said.

This discovery could lead to future developments where the Zika virus could potentially be destablised by potent antibiotics or drugs, said the study’s senior author Associate Professor Shee-Mei Lok. 

No suitable antibodies or drugs have been identified thus far, said Lok, who is working to understand the effect of potent antibodies on the Zika virus.

Lok added there is a potential to develop a safe vaccine with reduced side effects.

The findings were published online yesterday in the journal Nature.

To reconstruct the Zika virus structure, the team imaged the virus under a cryo-electron microscope from a large number of purified viral particles, and pieced together thousand of images.

“Our structure will provide important clues to other researchers around the world who are working to find therapeutic agents against the Zika virus,” Lok said.

In February, the Zika virus was declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be a public health emergency of international concern.

As of last Thursday, 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, according to WHO data.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also confirmed last week that “there is no longer any doubt that Zika causes microcephaly” — a condition that causes babies to be born with abnormally small heads and other severe brain defects.

In South-east Asia, Vietnam reported its first case of Zika about three weeks ago. Various countries in the region, such as the Philippines, Thailand and East Malaysia, have also reported cases of the mosquito-borne virus.

The Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environment Agency (NEA) said in a statement in January that it was “inevitable” the Zika would eventually be imported to Singapore. Senior Minister of State (Health) Amy Khor reiterated this message on Sunday during a Zika-related event.

The MOH and the NEA have put in place control measures, such as the testing of suspected cases of the virus being expanded to public hospital laboratories and islandwide inspections to uncover mosquito breeding habitats, as a means to control the potential spread. — TODAY

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L'OMS recommande le vaccin contre la dengue le Dengvaxia

PARIS – Un comité d’experts de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) a recommandé vendredi l’utilisation du vaccin contre la dengue le Dengvaxia, dans les pays où le virus est endémique.

“Le Groupe stratégique consultatif d’experts (Sage) a recommandé que les pays considèrent l’introduction du vaccin contre la dengue Dengvaxia dans les zones géographiques endémiques seulement”, a précisé le comité de l’OMS dans un communiqué.

Considéré comme “sûr” par le docteur Jon Abramson, porte-parole du Sage, ce vaccin “est particulièrement efficace” sur les personnes qui ont déjà été exposées aux quatre virus de la dengue et ne devrait pas être utilisé dans les zones où la transmission de la dengue est faible.

Le Sage reconnaît ainsi “le bénéfice de santé publique” du Dengvaxia, premier vaccin contre la dengue à avoir été autorisé dans le monde, a commenté son fabricant Sanofi dans un communiqué.

Ce vaccin qui a requis 20 ans de recherches et des investissements d’un milliard et demi d’euros est actuellement soumis aux autorités sanitaires de plus de 20 pays en 2015 et devrait faire l’objet de demandes d’autorisation dans une quinzaine de pays supplémentaires en 2016.

Le vaccin Dengvaxia, déjà homologué au Mexique, aux Philippines, au Brésil et au Salvador, doit éviter “huit hospitalisations sur dix” et “jusqu’à 93% des cas de dengue sévère, dont la dengue hémorragique”, a précisé Sanofi.

Environ 35 pays devraient avoir autorisé le vaccin Dengvaxia d’ici à la fin de l’année, selon ce laboratoire.

Le Sage conseille aux pays où le virus est endémique “l’introduction du vaccin contre la dengue dans le cadre d’une stratégie intégrée” comprenant “la lutte antivectorielle”, qui consiste à réduire le nombre des moustiques, et “l’éducation continue des communautés”.

Le vaccin est produit en France dans un site dédié dont la capacité de production devrait atteindre 100 millions de doses annuelles.

Transmise par les moustiques dans les zones tropicales et subtropicales, la dengue infecte chaque année près de 400 millions de personnes dans plus de 120 pays et touche désormais l’Europe où les premiers cas autochtones ont été recensés en 2010.

Poliomyélite: deux semaines pour changer les vaccins partout dans le monde (OMS)

Les pays disposent de deux semaines pour changer les vaccins utilisés contre la poliomyélite, a annoncé vendredi l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

Le compte à rebours démarre dimanche, a annoncé le porte-parole du programme d’éradication de la maladie à l’OMS.

Pour diminuer le risque d’infection par ce vaccin de type 2, les experts de l’OMS recommandent aux pays d’utiliser désormais une version dite “bivalente” du vaccin, qui ne contient plus que des souches de types 1 et 3.

“Environ 300 millions de doses de vaccins bivalents seront utilisés dans les programmes d’immunisation de routine dans le monde”, a expliqué M. Rosenbauer.

“Nous sommes plus proches que jamais de mettre fin à la polio dans le monde entier, ce qui est la raison pour laquelle nous sommes en mesure de procéder à ce remplacement synchronisé”, a affirmé pour sa part le directeur de l’éradication de la poliomyélite à l’OMS, Michel Zaffran.

Cela fait 18 mois que l’OMS et 155 pays et territoires concernés se préparent à ce grand changement, a-t-il précisé.

Pour veiller à ce que la transition ait lieu comme prévu, des milliers d’observateurs indépendants confirmeront l’absence du vaccin actuel dans les installations publiques et privées et les lieux de stockage réfrigérés.

La poliomyélite, maladie très contagieuse provoquée par un virus qui envahit le système nerveux et qui peut entraîner une paralysie totale en quelques heures, touche principalement les enfants de moins de cinq ans.

Le poliovirus sauvage, dont il n’y a pas eu de cas en Afrique depuis août 2014, persiste aujourd’hui en Afghanistan et au Pakistan, alors que la maladie était endémique dans plus de 125 pays en 1988.

Sur les 3 souches de poliovirus sauvage (type 1, type 2 et type 3), celle de type 2 a été éradiquée en 1999.

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US Rep carpets World Bank on Water Privatization

World Bank logoFrom Ayodele Samuel, Lagos

United States Representative Gwen Moore has issued a public letter to the president of the World Bank Group (WBG) raising concerns about its role in the water sector, calling on the Bank to stop funding and promoting water privatization pending an independent review and congressional hearings on conflicts of interest created by its investments in water privatizers.

The World Bank is also alleged to be complicit in a controversial water Public Private Partnership (PPP) in Lagos.

Rep. Moore particularly noted the role of the World Bank private arm- the International Finance Corporation (IFC) as advisor to governments and marketer of PPPs which have proved disastrous in several countries including the Philippines and India.

The letter, released yesterday (April 12), was addressed to World Bank President Dr. Jim Yong Kim, with copies to U.S. Secretary of Treasury Jacob Lew and newly appointed IFC Executive Vice President and CEO Philippe Le Houérou. It comes in the wake of the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, where an anti-democratic model of governing led to a public health catastrophe.

The inquiry focuses on the WBG’s conflict of interest resulting from its multiple roles as advisor to governments, worldwide marketer of privatization models—such as PPPs—and investor in private water corporations that benefit from the very projects it facilitates. Moore—the Ranking Member of the Monetary Policy and Trade Subcommittee—has a key role overseeing the U.S.’s relationship with the WBG and other development institutions and has long been a champion of water access issues. Last year, the Congresswoman joined 22 other members of the Congressional Black Caucus in a letter of support to the Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA/FoEN) and other groups in Nigeria organising to block a planned water privatization scheme in Lagos.

According to Moore: “Water access is a fundamental human right no matter where you live,” even as she added that, Dr. Kim and his team have the responsibility to put the World Bank’s mission—alleviating global poverty—above the pursuit of profits.

Shayda Naficy, a water privatization expert at Corporate Accountability International said: “The World Bank is stacking the deck, dealing the cards and placing all the bets, putting profits above human need,” said.

“For years it has ignored the concerns of those most affected by this blind pursuit, but with Congress asking questions, it can no lon ger pursue this path with impunity.”

Moore’s letter comes as ERA/FoEN asked Governor Akinwunmi Ambode to make a public statement, declaring his stance on a controversial PPP in the water sector in Lagos which the Bank said it cancelled after pressure from civil society and labour groups.

ERA/FoEN Deputy Director, Akinbode Oluwafemi said: “Rep. Moore’s correspondence is not only timely, it also captures the very questionable role played by the World Bank in denying the largest segment of society which cannot pay the fundamental right to a free gift of nature”.

“It is shameful how the World Bank has for years been promoting a toxic PPP water privatization scheme across the globe as success story. This wicked scheme was also sold to the Lagos government through an IFC advisory contract which civil society and labour rejected. While we still see the Lagos government tinkering with the idea, we make bold to say that access to water is a fundamental human right which is not negotiable.”

Oluwafemi pointed out that the Ambode administration must not shy away from its responsibility through a conspiracy of silence, even as he added that the state cannot be an exception in the march towards ensuring every citizen of the world is not denied the basic human right that water represents.

“We insist that the Lagos government reject contracts designed by, involving, or influenced by the IFC, which operates to maximize private profit and develop a comprehensive plan for achieving universal access to clean water in the state. This must be done in concert and with the full consent of the people. PPPs are not democratically designed. They are unacceptable.”

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10:21 Hawaii disaster experts use data to map spread of Zika virus

Published 05/04/2016 | 10:21

The Zika virus is particularly a problem for pregnant women The Zika virus is particularly a problem for pregnant women

As the Zika outbreak takes hold in Latin America, researchers thousands of miles away in Hawaii are using data to figure out where it might spread next.

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In the last three months, researchers from the University of Hawaii at the Pacific Disaster Center have focused on combatting the mosquito-spread virus.

So far, the Maui-based centre has worked to map the spread of Zika, which can help health officials and local governments figure out where to target mosquito eradication efforts or increase access to health services.

Gwen Tobert, a foreign affairs officer with the State Department, said they are using the centre’s products to follow how the Zika outbreak is developing and to better understand how it affects communities in Latin American countries. She said their maps help officials to decide where and how to respond to the outbreak.

The World Health Organization recently declared Zika virus a “public health emergency of international concern,” which is linked to birth defects and has infected thousands of people in Latin America.

Pacific Disaster Center Executive Director Ray Shirkhodai said his organisation is using data that is publicly available – for instance, the number of Zika cases – as well as data on rainfall, the location of roads and airports to show where Zika could spread.

They have also worked directly with governments in Latin American countries to gather information such as locations of hospitals and health care policies to figure out which countries could respond better to an outbreak. For instance, a map that charts data involving ambulance response as well as the number of available hospital beds and physicians shows Brazil could recover faster from a potential health crisis like Zika than Paraguay or Bolivia.

“The impact has been on the ground and pretty real,” Mr Shirkhodai said, adding that the centre is working with government officials to figure out what other kinds of products might be useful.

In recent years, the Pacific Disaster Center has worked with agencies ranging from the US Department of Homeland Security to the Department of Defence to create apps to map disasters. Their work has been used to direct international rescue efforts during disasters ranging from a 2015 earthquake in Nepal to Tropical Cyclone Winston in Fiji last month.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency works closely with the Pacific Disaster Center to map storms and other hazards in the Pacific, said Susan Hendrick, an agency spokeswoman. FEMA also worked with the center to understand disasters’ impact on local residents and infrastructure.

During Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2014, Brian Steckler, who recently retired as director of the Naval Postgraduate School’s Hastily Formed Networks programme, said the school teamed up with the Pacific Disaster Center to help set up Internet service for emergency responders. The groups also helped to map out areas where the storm had damaged internet infrastructure and phone lines.

That information was then charted on the Pacific Disaster Center’s mobile app, Disaster Aware, so emergency responders could know where potentially dangerous areas were.

“We also let the public use laptops to be able to reach out to loved ones and tell them they’re OK, or insurance companies to tell them they have a claim,” Steckler said.

The University of Hawaii has been managing the Pacific Disaster Center since 2006, and was recently awarded a contract up to $75 million (£52 million) with the US Department of Defense to run the centre for the next five years.

Press Association

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