Pictures show families forced to live in pipes in Manila's sprawling slums

  • Photographs show families who have made homes inside the many concrete pipes that line the streets in Manila 
  • Youngsters and even babies can be seen sleeping among rubbish that has gathered around the concrete tunnels
  • Roughly one quarter of the country live in poverty, which is defined as surviving on around one US dollar a day

Cramped, dirty and without even basic of facilities, these concrete pipes are the most unlikely of homes.

But for the desperately poor of the Philippines, they offer a tiny refuge. Families can be seen sleeping and sheltering inside the structures lining the streets of Manila as young children play on the filthy floor. 

Some have tried to create privacy by draping fabric over the entrance. Makeshift beds are formed from wood jammed across the pipes while washing hangs from string. 

Many of the Philippines' desperate citizens dwell in whatever makeshift shelters they can find in the slums in Manila, including concrete pipes

Many of the Philippines' desperate citizens dwell in whatever makeshift shelters they can find in the slums in Manila, including concrete pipes

 A small child watches a man look through various of pieces of plastic outside of a pipe concealed by a large piece of material

 A small child watches a man look through various of pieces of plastic outside of a pipe concealed by a large piece of material

Roughly one quarter of the nation live in poverty, which is defined as surviving on about one US dollar a day

Roughly one quarter of the nation live in poverty, which is defined as surviving on about one US dollar a day

The Philippines has been one of the fastest growing economies in Asia for several years. 

But despite increased government efforts to raise living standards, the country of more than 100 million still faces considerable challenges including its vulnerability to typhoons and other natural disasters, poverty, corruption and poor infrastructure. 

Roughly one quarter of the nation live in poverty, which is defined as surviving on about one US dollar a day, according to government data.

The country's inexhaustible list of natural disasters is largely due to its location along the Ring of Fire, a basin in the Pacific Ocean where a large number of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur. 

The Philippines is hit by an average of 20 typhoons a year, many of them deadly, with the strongest often happening towards the end of the year. 

One of the most recent was Typhoon Melor in December, which killed at least 11 people and cut power for millions.

And just two months before that, tens of thousands were left homeless after the powerful Typhoon Koppu slammed into the northeastern Philippines.

The violent typhoon carved a swathe through the islands, destroying houses, toppling trees and power lines and shattering roads and bridges.

Some 23,000 people were evacuated from the path of the raging typhoon, as ferries and flights ground to a halt.

Youngsters can be seen playing and sleeping among rubbish that has gathered in and around the concrete tunnels 

Youngsters can be seen playing and sleeping among rubbish that has gathered in and around the concrete tunnels 

Some of the pipes have been swept out and materials draped over the entrances in an attempt to create some privacy for its inhabitants

Some of the pipes have been swept out and materials draped over the entrances in an attempt to create some privacy for its inhabitants

In November 2013 one of the strongest storms on record, Super Typhoon Haiyan, flattened entire communities in the central region with tsunami-like waves, leaving 7,350 people dead or missing.

Before that in 2012 more than 50 people died when Typhoon Saola struck and a further nine people were reported dead as torrential rain left almost 50 per cent of the capital underwater.

In 2009 the powerful Typhoon Ketsana devastated Manila the city resulting in hundreds of deaths.

The flooding, which was neck-deep in some areas, forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes for high ground. 

POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES: THE HARDSHIPS FACING THE NATION

The Philippines has been one of the fastest growing economies in Asia for several years. 

But despite increased government efforts to raise living standards, the country of more than 100 million still faces considerable challenges including its vulnerability to typhoons and other natural disasters, poverty, corruption and poor infrastructure. 

Roughly one quarter of the nation live in poverty, which is defined as surviving on about one US dollar a day, according to government data.

It was announced in December that the World Bank had approved a $500million (£351million) loan to help the Philippines deal with natural disasters.

On average, more than 1,000 lives are lost every year in the Philippines, with typhoons accounting for the majority of deaths and damage.

The country is also highly exposed to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Super Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines in November 2013, one of the strongest ever storms to hit land, leaving more than 7,350 people dead or missing.

Total damage and losses reached 571.1 billion pesos ($12.9billion) (£9.06billion), cutting economic growth by about 0.9 percent in 2013, and another 0.3 percent in 2014, pushing about 2.3 million people below the poverty line as a result, the bank said.

Typhoons Koppu and Melor, two extreme weather events that hit the Philippines in 2015 claimed nearly 100 lives combined according to official counts.

It was the second time the World Bank has given the country money to help deal with such catastrophes.

Cramped conditions: A Filipino informal settler rests inside a small sewer pipe with a few of his possessions behind him 

Cramped conditions: A Filipino informal settler rests inside a small sewer pipe with a few of his possessions behind him 

 Families with babies and young children can be seen on makeshift beds constructed from old planks of wood

 Families with babies and young children can be seen on makeshift beds constructed from old planks of wood

While many areas of Asia are fast developing, sadly many who live there are falling behind and are forced to live in poverty

While many areas of Asia are fast developing, sadly many who live there are falling behind and are forced to live in poverty

A homeless man drinks from a cup while lying down inside a pipe which serves as a makeshift shelter along a highway in Alabang

A homeless man drinks from a cup while lying down inside a pipe which serves as a makeshift shelter along a highway in Alabang

Children play inside steel pipes that were intented to be used by the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) on the construction of a water system

Children play inside steel pipes that were intented to be used by the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) on the construction of a water system

A homeless man sleeps in a concrete pipe lined with bits of cardboard at the Divisoria market in Manila

A homeless man sleeps in a concrete pipe lined with bits of cardboard at the Divisoria market in Manila

A study in 2011 revealed a third of Philippine school children are stunted because poverty has forced them to eat too little food for years

A study in 2011 revealed a third of Philippine school children are stunted because poverty has forced them to eat too little food for years

A man takes whatever shelter he can find in the capital city, and settles down for a rest in one of the many concrete pipes

A man takes whatever shelter he can find in the capital city, and settles down for a rest in one of the many concrete pipes

Despite increased government efforts to raise living standards, the country of more than 100 million still faces considerable challenges

Despite increased government efforts to raise living standards, the country of more than 100 million still faces considerable challenges

Many of the Phillipines' challenges are down to vulnerability from typhoons and other natural disasters, poverty, corruption and poor infrastructure

Many of the Phillipines' challenges are down to vulnerability from typhoons and other natural disasters, poverty, corruption and poor infrastructure

A homeless person takes a nap face down whilst sheltering in one of the many pipes that lie on the streets in Manila

A homeless person takes a nap face down whilst sheltering in one of the many pipes that lie on the streets in Manila

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