In light of the bombing incident in Davao City last night, President Rodrigo R. Duterte declared State of Lawlessness in Mindanao, but advises all citizens to remain calm and vigilant.
The Office of the Presidential Spokesperson clarifies this further. Here is the complete statement:
The President's declaration of a state of lawlessness is rooted in Article VII, Section 18 of the constitution, which reads:
Section 18. The President shall be the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces of the Philippines and whenever it becomes necessary, he may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion.
The declaration is limited such that he can only call out the armed forces to suppress the lawless violence.
It is a different case from the existence of invasion or rebellion. Only if there is invasion or rebellion, and when public safety requires it, can he suspend the writ of habeas corpus or declare martial law.
In the spirit of unity and love of country, let us remain alert to the activities of those who wish to create chaos, and prayerfully agree for Peace to reign in the land.
It takes courageous and united people, who complain less and do more, to build the nation we dream of and deserve.
Source: Philippine Information Agency