- Ruben Enaje from the Philippines is nailed to the cross during his 30th re-enactment of Jesus's crucifixion
- Celebrations to mark Holy Week of Easter are underway across the world's Christian communities
- In the Philippines, Catholics have carried out brutal flagellation ceremonies using large metal chains
- And in Mexico and Spain, candlelight vigils take place while floats are wheeled through city centres
A Filipino devotee has been nailed to the cross for the 30th time in an Easter ritual - and offered his sacrifice for peace in Belgium and other countries targeted by Islamic extremists.
Ruben Enaje and several other men screamed in pain as they were nailed to wooden crosses in Pampanga province north of Manila in a re-enactment of Jesus Christ's death.
Thousands of foreign and local tourists gathered to watch the ritual.
Enaje, a sign painter, says he also prayed for peaceful Philippine presidential elections this year and a better job.
The Good Friday ritual is opposed by religious leaders in the Philippines, Asia's largest Roman Catholic nation, but the event has persisted.
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Ruben Enaje, who is portraying Jesus for the 30th time is nailed to a cross during a re-enactment of the crucifixion in Cutud town
Enaje, who is a sign painter, screams with pain as the nails are driven into his hands and arms and hoisted aloft
Catholic authorities in the Philippines have called for an end to the annual ritual which as become a major tourist attraction
Enaje, centre, said he wanted to pray for the people of Belgium, an end to Islamic extremism as well as getting a better job for himself
Willy Salvador, pictured, also had himself nailed to a cross in an extreme show of devotion in the town of San Juan, near Manila
Salvador, 59, looks on as one of the nails is driven into his hand before the cross is raised upright before the massive crowd
The extreme form of devotion has been condemned by senior clerics in the Philippines but is popular with the people
Salvador, pictured, looks in absolute agony after he is lowered to the ground following his ordeal on the cross
The 59-year-old penitent from San Juan near Manila was taken away on a stretcher after spending time nailed to a cross earlier today
Two of the men involved in the bizarre ceremony, lay themselves on the ground having whipped themselves and drawing blood
Other penitents cause themselves severe pain by whipping themselves and drawing blood in an effort to atone for their sins
The participants flog themselves with sharpened bamboo in an effort to inflict pain upon themselves during the annual ritual
Bending down: Pope Francis kisses the foot of a man during a foot-washing ritual at the Castelnuovo di Porto refugees centre near Rome
Blessing a baby: Pope Francis washed and kissed the feet of refugees, including three Muslim men at the Castelnuovo di Porto centre
Gesture: Francis washed and kissed the feet of Muslim, Orthodox, Hindu and Catholic refugees, declaring them children of the same God
Kiss: Pope Francis performed the gesture of welcome and brotherhood following the Brussels attacks
Rite: He re-enacted the foot-washing ritual Jesus performed on his apostles before being crucified, and it is meant as a gesture of service
Comparison: Francis contrasted his gesture with the 'gesture of destruction' carried out by the Brussels attackers
Pope Francis blows inside an amphora containing holy oil during a mass in St Peter's Basilica at the Vatican yesterday
Pope Francis holds the famous Book of the Gospels during the Chrism Mass in the Vatican yesterday
Roman Catholics prostrate in front of a chapel while still bearing the wounds caused by a bloody flagellation ceremony in Manila
Hooded penitents wait for their turn to have their back wounds cleaned after the ceremony in the Philippines yesterday
An actor playing the role of Jesus Christ makes his way through the the streets of Manila during the city's Holy Week celebrations
Covered in blood and carrying a tunic, he was whipped by actors playing Roman soldiers during the religious re-enactment
There ceremony known as Cristo de las Injurias, or the Silent Procession, in Zamora, Spain sees its 2,300 members swear to keep silent in the city's cathedral
The penitents from the one of the city's Christian brotherhoods stand in formation with hoods and candles in the spectacular ceremony
The silent ceremony makes its way through the city streets in Zamora as the city celebrated the Holy Week of Easter
In nearby Alicante, an effigy of Jesus Christ nailed to the cross is carried through the city streets at night
Two members of the Cofradia de los Universitarios brotherhood in Granada take part in the deeply religious procession
Catholics in Jalisco, Mexico, take part in the 400-year-old ceremony known as 'The Bath of the Christ'
The pilgrimage involves a march during which members tend to an effigy of Jesus Christ lying bloodied on the cross
A man watches the ceremony take part during the week Holy Week - which runs for one week worldwide up until Easter Sunday
The bloody effigy of Jesus Christ was watched by hundreds as it was carried through the streets of the city
Catholic faithful participate in the pilgrimage known as 'The Bath of the Christ' in the municipality of San Martin de Hidalgo
In Costa Rica, Catholics tied coloured tape to a statue of Jesus inside the San Antonio de Padua Church
The taping ceremony forms the beginning of the procession known as 'Jesus Nazareno of the Tapes'
Penitents on their knees carrying the 'Christ tied to the column' during the Holy Week procession in Alcala de Henares near Madrid
Dressed in their burgundy capes with hoods, the 'Santa Veracruz' brotherhood mark Holy Week in northern Spain
Penitents of the 'Cristo de las Injurias' brotherhood wait inside a church before they take part in the 'Procesion del Silencio'
This lantern-holding group parade through Calahorra, Spain, as millions of people around the world mark the Holy Week