Index crime rate, not volume, illustrates criminal activities

CONTRARY to what many believe, it's the monthly index crime rate and not crime volume that would speak well about criminal activities in a certain area.

Chief Superintendent Manuel Gaerlan, Police Regional Office (PRO)-Davao director, explained in Friday's press conference, that crime is based on many factors, including rapid urbanization and poverty.

The Philippine National Police released on April 1 the list of the top 15 cities in the Philippines with the highest number of index crimes. These types of crime, according to the PNP, involve: crimes against persons such as murder, homicide, physical injury and rape; and crimes against property, such as robbery, theft, carnapping/carjacking, and cattle rustling.

Based on the data on index crimes from 2010 to 2015, Davao City ranked fourth with 37,684 after Quezon City (65,514), Manila (54,689) and Cebu (38,797).

"Kung mapapansin ninyo, yung most progressive cities and most populated, sila yung may pinakamatataas na crime incidence, but the crime volume does not speak well if you compare one city to another," Gaerlan remarked.

He said that the one would be able compare the criminal activities in one city with the other through crime rate.

"The total crime volume is divided by the number of hundreds of thousand population so kung ikukumpara mo, mane-negate yung variable of population," he added.

Davao has an average monthly index crime rate of 18.2 while the nationwide average is 16.1 based on PNP's 2015 record.

"Hindi naman ganun ka taas ang crime rate sa Davao. The highest is 30 which is in Cordillera," he added.

Gaerlan who assumed post last March 31 was previously the police regional director of Cebu and the chief of police in Marikina.

"Having been assigned in territorial areas (Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao) before, I would say that the people of Davao are indeed disciplined," he said.

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