MANILA-- The Department of Health (DOH) on Friday warned of six illnesses that could spoil one's summer vacation.
In a press briefing held at the DOH media relations unit in Tayuman, Sta. Cruz, Manila, Health Secretary Dr. Paulyn Ubial identified the six common summer diseases as sore eyes, 'sipon at ubo' (colds and cough), 'sakit sa balat' (skin diseases), sunburn, 'sakmal ng aso' (dog bite), and 'suka't tae' (stomach illnesses).
For a stress-free summer break, Ubial shared some tips on how to avoid these ailments.
She said sore eyes, which could lead to blindness if not treated properly, is highly communicable but could be prevented by the frequent and correct washing of hands.
Colds and cough may result from the erratic weather, the health chief said, noting that sometimes it rains even during summer. She also reminded senior citizens to get their flu shots before the onset of the flu season in June.
Ubial meanwhile noted that skin diseases are common in areas where water is scarce. Prison inmates usually suffer from boils due to heat and overcrowding, she said, adding that swimming in dirty bodies of water or poorly maintained public swimming pools can also cause skin diseases.
Do not forget to take a bath before plunging into the pool and avoid urinating in it. Children should be accompanied by adults in pools or beaches to avoid drowning, which is a real danger, she advised.
The health chief further pointed out that dog bites are common during vacation when children stay at home and play with their pets. She warned of rabies that could lead to death.
Pet dogs should be given vaccination against rabies. But if one sustains dog bites, the wound must be immediately cleaned with soap and water, she said.
To avoid sunburns, Ubial suggested that the public limit their outdoor activities from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. during summer months and instead get some sun early in the morning or late in the afternoon.
Diarrhea results from the consumption of contaminated food and drinks, she said, noting that rising temperatures make it conducive for bacteria to grow on food.
She also advised the proper washing of hands before and after eating, and after using the toilet.
Source: Philippines News Agency